History

History

Were nuclear tests carried out in the UK?

Nowadays, Orford Ness is a picture of tranquillity: hares barrel through the long grass, while seabirds circle silently above strange, pagoda-like buildings.

History

Where is the Scottish Pompeii?

In the windswept Orkney archipelago off the coast of Scotland is a bay that contains the best preserved settlement from the Neolithic period. Skara Brae was discovered in 1850 after intense storms shifted sand dunes that had covered the village for thousands of years.

History

What causes a treacle tsunami?

Treacle tart may be a staple of British school dinners, but its main ingredient was responsible for one of the strangest tragedies in American history. In 1919, a tidal wave of the sticky liquid thundered through Boston, Massachusetts, at 36mph, flinging aside buildings like matchsticks.

History

Can paranoia affect an entire town?

At first it’s just a few girls who are visited by the mysterious hallucinations. But soon the hysteria spreads like a plague through the whole of Salem, culminating in a bloody witch-hunt. How could it have come to this?

History

Which year was the longest in history?

A year consists of 365 days. But that was not always the case. In fact, one year in history lasted 445 days. This exceptional year was due to a comprehensive calendar reform by Julius Caesar in the year 46BC.

History

Who was the last Cornish speaker?

It's impossible to know who the very last native Cornish speaker was, but colourful Dolly Pentreath (1692 to 1777) from Mousehole certainly comes close.

History

Where was history's most crowded city?

Concerns about high populations and congestion issues abound, but are we really living in the most densely populated cities the world has ever seen? To put it simply, no. At its height and before its imperial expansion, the city of Rome is said to have been home to almost a million inhabitants.

History

How did smog change London forever?

Britain’s capital had long been famous for its ‘peasoupers’ – thick green fog caused by air pollution – but the Great Smog was different.

History

Did the USA test biological weapons on its own population?

In September 1950 the American military tested different bacteria for their effectiveness as biological weapons in warfare. Operation Sea-Spray saw US Navy ships release the dangerous pathogens off the shore of San Francisco.

History

How long did a whaling trip last?

The length of a voyage was really dependent on the size of the vessel undertaking it – the bigger the boat, the further it could travel. The whaling schooner – the smallest type of whaler – would generally put to sea for no more than six months.

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